If you are looking for creative talent, a University of Toronto economist suggests you target occupations rather than college degrees. Otherwise you could be skipping too many people. The reason? People with college degrees are likely to be in the creative class. But 6 out of 10 individuals who do creative class jobs did not graduate from college.
Where are we going? To how the geography of creative talent has changed.
The Geography of Creative Talent
Between 2005 and 2017, the creative class was spreading. By 2017, cities like San Francisco, Washington D.C., Austin, and Boston could no longer claim a creative monopoly.
On our “before” map, approximately 10 U.S cities were creative job centers. They were the regions with the science, healthcare, business, tech, art, and science occupations. They had the educated professionals.
In 2017, the places with a vast proportion of creative talent increased. Reflecting a spread, the greater number of red splotches reflects a more highly concentrated creatively talented people. But also we have more orange:
The 2017 map shows the same top five cities (in different order) with a higher proportion of creative talent in their population than in 2015:
The key difference though for 2017 is more orange. The change in color illustrates the spread to cities like Salt Lake City, Pittsburgh, and Cincinnati where the creative class is growing.
Our Bottom Line: Human Capital
To understand human capital we can imagine the tools and equipment in a factory. Called physical capital, tools and equipment create your productive capacity. Like those tools and equipment, our creative talent makes our human capital more productive.
Because the jobs that require more creative human capital tend to have higher salaries and boost diversity, their spread should fuel economic growth in stagnating Rust Belt cities and other similar regions.
My sources and more: This City Lab article has a detailed look at the geography of talent. From there, if you want to read onward, Richard Florida’s research, here and here, digs deeper into economic geography.
Ideal for the classroom, econlife.com reflects Elaine Schwartz’s work as a teacher and a writer. As a teacher at the Kent Place School in Summit, NJ, she’s been an Endowed Chair in Economics and chaired the history department. She’s developed curricula, was a featured teacher in the Annenberg/CPB video project “The Economics Classroom,” and has written several books including Econ 101 ½ (Avon Books/Harper Collins). You can get econlife on a daily basis! Head to econlife.